Secretary's Page

1. Name                                   :           Madhavan Nair RAJEEVAN

2. Date of Birth                       :           27 July 1961

3. Present Affiliation             :             Secretary, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Government of India

4. Phone                                  :           011-24629771 / 24629772

5. E mail                                  :  /

6. Education:                            :           M.Sc (Physics), Ph.D (Physics)

7. Biodata :                          :               Click Here to View/Download

8. MoES Secretary's Page      :            Click Here to View


9. Important Positions held:



Position held

1983- August1985

Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
(TIFR), Mumbai

Senior Scientific Assistant

IR Astronomy Group

1985-June 2008

Meteorological Centre Ahmedabad and
National      Climate      Centre,      India
Meteorological Department, Pune

Meteorologist / Director of
the National Climate Centre

July          2008-
January 2012

National        Atmospheric        Research
Laboratory,            Department            of

Senior Scientist, Scientist-F

February  2012-
02 March 2015

Ministry        of        Earth        Sciences,
Government of India, New Delhi


03 March 2015-
06      December

Indian        Institute        of        Tropical
Meteorology, Pune


07      December
2015- till date

Ministry of Earth Sciences


10. Research specialization:

·    Monsoon Variability and Monsoon Prediction
·    Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events
·    Prediction of Mesoscale Convective Systems
·    Cloud-Radiation Interactionand Satellite applications
·    Aerosol Radiative Forcing.

11. Present research interests:

·    Monsoon prediction using coupled models, decadal variability and prediction
·    Land surface processes and monsoon predictability (role of land surface processes on monsoon variability and prediction)
·    Extreme climate events (variability and prediction of extreme events like heavy rainfall events, droughts and heat waves).

12. Important Scientific Contributions:

·    Contributed significantly for developing many application tools and prediction models for societal applications like long-range prediction models, gridded climate data sets and many other climate application products for regional climate services. These models and application tools are being used by the India Meteorological Department for operational use.
·    Development  of  advanced  statistical  prediction  models  for  operational  long  range forecasts of monsoon seasonal rainfall (over India and four homogeneous regions) and the monsoon onset over Kerala.
·    Diagnostic studies on the Inter-annual variability of southwest and northeast monsoons (tele-connections) and associated physical processes.
·    Development  of  objective  criteria  for  declaring  the  monsoon  onset  over  Kerala  and monitoring the active and break spells of the Indian summer monsoon.These criteria are being used by the India Meteorological Department for operational use.
·    Development of high resolution climate data sets like the high resolution gridded rainfall and temperature data sets. These data sets are extensively used by researchers around the Globe. There are more than 750 citations on these data sets.
·    Analysis of extreme climate events (intense precipitation events, monsoon droughts and heat waves) and understanding physical processes.
·    Understanding and development of prediction tools for Mesoscale weather systems over southeast   India.   Development   of  advanced   prediction   tool   using  hybrid   method (dynamical and statistical) for prediction of thunderstorms and associated lightning over the SHAR (ISRO rocket launching site), which is being used by the ISRO for predictions.
·    Role of land surface processes on monsoon variability using observations and regional climate models, development of a high resolution land surface data set for applications on hydrology.
·    Analysis of active and break spells of the Indian monsoon, criteria for definition and its dynamics, extensively cited and used by researchers for studies on active and break spells of the Monsoon.
·    Analysis of three dimensional structure of clouds and its variability over the monsoon region using advanced satellite data sets.
·    Analysis of cloud-radiation interaction and cloud radiative forcing over the monsoon region using various satellite data sets. First time shown that cloud-radiation feedback is negative over the Asian Monsoon region.
·    Evaluation and understanding of predictability of the Indian monsoon in coupled climate models.

13. Awards:

·    2001 START Young Scientist Award for the paper “Net cloud radiative forcing at the  top  of  atmosphere  in  the  Asian  monsoon  region”  published  in  Journal  of Climate, 2000, 13, 650-657.

·    Award for the Young Scientist in Atmospheric Sciences by the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MOES), New Delhi in 2007 for the research contributions in Atmospheric Sciences.

·    20thBiennial Mausam Award (2001), Department of Science and Technology, for the paper  “Aerosol-Cloud-Climate Effect:  Study with  a  radiative transfer model” published in Mausam, April 1998, 49,195-202.

14. Honours and Recognitions:

·    Fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences (IASc)
·    Fellow of the Indian National Science Academy (INSA)
·    Fellow of the National Science Academy of India (NASI)
·    Member, International Academy of Astronautics (IIA)
·    High-level Adviser on Climate Services, World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
·    Expert Member, Research Board of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).
·    Chairman, Board of Governors, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Thiruvananthapuram.
·    Chairman, Council of the Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning System (RIMES) For Africa and Asia, Bangkok.
·    Member of the International WCRP CLIVAR (UN Organization) Asian-Australian Monsoon Panel(AAMP) (2007-2012).
·    Consultant to WMO to prepare the WMO Annual Climate Statement on the Status of Global Climate (in 2004 and 2005).
·    Member, WMO CBS expert panel on long range forecasting, 2004-2008.
·    Honorary Doctorate from GITAM University, Vishakapatnam.
·    Honorary Doctorate from Satyabhama University, Chennai
·    Chairman, Research Council, National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), CSIR, Goa.
·    Member, Governing Council of IISER Kolkata.
·    Senior Associate, International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Trieste, Italy, 2007-2013
·    Associate Editor, Journal of Earth System Sciences, Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, a Springer Publication (2007-2015).
·    Associate Editor, Weather and Climate Extremes, Elsevier publication, 2015-2018

15. Academic Activity:

·    Ph.D   Research    Guide   at    the   University   of    Pune,   Andhra   University    and S.V.University, Tirupati.Guided 9 Ph.D students, 5 M Tech students, and 10 M.Sc students for their research studies(list of the Ph.D students given below).

Details of Ph.D students completed:





Title of the thesis





Variability          of          Winter
Precipitation Over North- West India:     Teleconnections      and Long Range Forecasting

University       of


Pankaj Kumar


Northeast    Monsoon    Rainfall
Variability         over         India: Teleconnections     and     Long- Range Prediction

University       of


G. Krishna Kumar


Impacts      of      Sea      Surface
Temperatures over the Indian Ocean on the Indian Monsoons- with   a    special    reference    to recent El Nino

University       of


S. Balachandran


Surface  Radiative  Budget  and
its Relationship With Cloud Properties over the Globe : An Analysis Of Satellite Data”

University       of




Role       of       extra       tropical
circulation          features         in modulating     Indian     Summer Monsoon rainfall

University       of




A study on role of Land Surface
Processes      on      the      Indian Summer    monsoon    variability using a regional climate model



A Madhulatha


Numerical       Simulation        of
Mesoscale Convective Systems and Development of prediction schemes



Sreekala P.P.


Northeast      monsoon      rainfall
variability  over  south  peninsular
India in IPCC-AR5 models





Studies on Rainstorms over
India : Observations and


16. Research papers in peer reviewed journals:

Summary of research papers (Source: Google scholar as on 26 May 2020)

     Peer-reviewed publications: 118
     Proceedings of Conferences: 15
      Total citations: 7836
     h-Index: 45
     i-10 index: 100


17. List of Peer reviewed research papers

1.   Observational aspects of tropical mesoscale convective systems over southeast India, Madhulatha A., Rajeevan M., Mohan T.S., Thampi S.B., 2020, J. Earth System Science, 129, 10.1007/s12040-019-1300-9
2.   Differences in CAPE between wet and dry spells of the monsoon over the southeastern peninsular India, Mohan T.S., Rao T.N., Rajeevan M., 2019, Met and Atmospheric Physics, 131, 657-668.
3.   Future projections of heat waves over India from CMIP5 models, Rohini P., Rajeevan M., Mukhopadhay P., 2019, Climate Dynamics, 10.1007/s00382-019-04700-9
4.   Monsoon mission a targeted activity to improve monsoon prediction across scales, Rao S.A., Goswami B.N., Sahai A.K., Rajagopal E.N., Mukhopadhyay P., Rajeevan M., Nayak S., Rathore L.S., Shenoi S.S.C., Ramesh K.J., Nanjundiah R.S., Ravichandran M., Mitra A.K., Pai D.S., Bhowmik S.K.R., Hazra A., Mahapatra S., Saha S.K., Chaudhari H.S., Joseph S., Sreenivas P., Pokhrel S., Pillai P.A., Chattopadhyay R., Deshpande M., Krishna R.P.M., Das R.S., Prasad V.S., Abhilash S., Panickal S., Krishnan R., Kumar S., Ramu D.A., Reddy S.S., Arora A., Goswami T., Rai A., Srivastava A., Pradhan M., Tirkey S., Ganai M., Mandal R., Dey A., Sarkar S., Malviya S., Dhakate A., Salunke K., Maini P., Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 2019, 100, 2509-2532, 10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0330.1
5.   Role of enhanced synoptic activity and its interaction with intra-seasonal oscillations on the lower extended range prediction skill during 2015 monsoon season, Abhilash S., Mandal R., Dey A., Phani R., Joseph S., Chattopadhyay R., De S., Agarwal N.K., Sahai A.K., Devi S.S., Rajeevan M., 2018, Climate Dynamics, 51, 3435, 3446.
6.   Atmospheric water budget over the South Asian summer monsoon region, Unnikrishnan, C.K, and M Rajeevan, 2018, Met and Atmos Phys., 130(2), 175-190.
7.   High-resolution gridded soil moisture and soil temperature datasets for the indian monsoon region, Nayak, H.P., Osuri, K.K., Sinha, P., Nadimpalli, R., Mohanty, U.C., Chen, F., Rajeevan, M., Niyogi, D., Scientific Data, Volume 5, 2018, Article number 180264
8.   Impact of different parameterization schemes on simulation of mesoscale convective system over south-east India, Madhulatha, A., Rajeevan, M. , 2018 , Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics , (1) , 49-65
9.   Impact of Assimilation of Conventional and Satellite Radiance GTS Observations on Simulation of Mesoscale Convective System Over Southeast India Using WRF-3DVar, Madhulatha, A., Rajeevan, M., Bhowmik, S.K.R., Das, A.K. 2018 , Pure and Applied Geophysics , (1) , 479-500
10.   Prediction skill of rainstorm events over India in the TIGGE weather prediction models, Sagar, S., Rajeevan, M., Vijaya Bhaskara Rao, S., Mitra, A.K., 2017, Atmospheric Research , 198, 2017, Pages 194-204.
11.   North Atlantic controls on wintertime warm extremes and aridification trends in the Middle East,Kumar, K.N., Molini, A., Ouarda, T.B.M.J., Rajeevan, M.N., 2017, Scientific Reports , (1) , Article number 12301
12.   A threefold rise in widespread extreme rain events over central India, M.K.Roxy, S.Ghosh, A. Pathak, R. Athulya, M.Mujumdar, R. Murtugudde, P. Terray and M. Rajeevan, 2017, Nature Communications, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-00744-9 |
13.   Winter Fog Experiment over the Indo-Gangetic Plains of India, Sachin Ghude et al, 2017,Current Science, 112, 767-784.
14. Performance of the operational and experimental long-range forecasts for the 2015 southwest monsoon rainfall, Pai.D.S., Suryachandra Rao, A., Senroy, S., Pradhan, M., Pillai, P.A., and M Rajeevan, 2017, Current Science, 112, 68-75.
15.   Improved prediction of severe thunderstorms over the Indian monsoon region using high- resolution soil moisture and temperature initialization, Osuri, K.K., Nadimpalli, R., Mohanty, U.C., Chen, F., M Rajeevan, Niyogi, D., 2017, Scientific Reports, 7, Article Number 41377, doi:   10.1038/srep41377
16.   Past and future trends of hydroclimatic intensity over the Indian monsoon region, Mohan, T.S. and M Rajeevan, 2017, J Geophysical Research (Atmospheres), 122, 896-909.
18.   Impact  of different  parameterization  schemes  on  simulation of mesoscale convective system over south-east  India, Madhulatha, A.,  M Rajeevan, 2017, Met and Atmos Physics, 1-17.
19.   A study on the role of land-atmosphere coupling on the south Asian monsoon climate variability using a regional climate model, Unnikrishnan, C.K., M Rajeevan and VijayaBhaskara Rao, S., 2017, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 127, 949-964.
20.   On increasing monsoon rainstorms over India, KarunaSagar, S., M Rajeevan and Vijay
Bhaskara Rao, 2017, Natural Hazards, 85, 1743-1757.
21.   Atmospheric water budget over the South Asian summer monsoon region, Unnikrishnan, C.K., Rajeevan, M., 2017, Met and Atmos Physics, 1-16.
22.   Prediction of seasonal summer monsoon rainfall over homogenous regions of India using
dynamical prediction system, Ramu, D.A., Rao.S.A., Pillai.P.A., Pradhan, M., George, G., Rao.D.N., Mahapatra, S., Pai, D.S., and Rajeevan, M., 2017, J.Hydrology, 546, 103- 112.
23. Anomalous Convective activity over sub-tropical east Pacific during 2015 and associated boreal summer monsoon teleconnections, M. Mujumdar, Sooraj, K.P., Krishnan, R., Preethi, B., Joshi, M.K., Varikoden, H., Singh, B.B., and Rajeevan, M., 2017, Climate Dynamics, 48, 4081-4091.
24. Potential of Collocated radiometer and wind profiler observations for monsoon studies, Balaji, B. Prabha, T.V. Jaya Rao, Y. Kiran, T. Dinesh, G. Chakravarty, K. Sonbawne, S. M., M. Rajeevan, 2017,  Atmospheric Research, 194, 17-26.
25. Anomalous convective activity over sub-tropical east Pacific during 2015 and associated boreal summer monsoon teleconnections, Milind Mujumdar, KP Sooraj, R Krishnan, B Preethi, Manish K Joshi, Hamza Varikoden, Bhupendra B Singh, M Rajeevan, 2016, Climate Dynamics, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-016-3321-2.
26. How distinct are the two flavors of El Niño in retrospective forecasts of Climate Forecast System version 2 (CFSv2)?, Pillai, Prasanth A., Suryachandra A. Rao, Gibies George, D. Nagarjuna Rao, S. Mahapatra, M. Rajeevan, Ashish Dhakate, and Kiran Salunke, 2016, Climate Dynamics, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-016-3305-2
27. On the variability and increasing trends of heat waves over India, Rohini, P., M.Rajeevan
and A.K.Srivastava, 2016, Nature Scientific Reports, Vol.6, DOI: 10.1038/srep26153
28. Anatomy of Indian heatwaves, Ratnam, J.V., S.K.Behera, S.B.Ratnam, M. Rajeevan and
T.Yamagata, 2016, Nature Scientific Reports, Vol.6., DOI: 10.1038/srep24395
29. CMIP5 Projected Changes in the Annual Cycle of Indian Monsoon Rainfall, Pravat Jena, Sarita Azad, M. Rajeevan, 2016, Climate, doi:10.3390/cli4010014
30. Possible shift in the ENSO-Indian Monsoon  rainfall relationship under future global
warming, Azad, S., and M. Rajeevan, 2016, Nature Scientific Reports, Vol.6, DOI:
31. Extremes  in  June  rainfall  during  the  Indian  summer  monsoons  of  2013  and  2014: Observational                          analysis    and    extended-range    prediction,    Joseph,    S.,    A.K.Sahai, R.Chattopadhyay,  S.Sharmila,  S.Abhilash,  M.Rajeevan,  R.Mandal,  A.Dey,  N.Borah,
2016, R.Phani, Quart.Roy.Met.Society, 142, 1276-1289
32. Precipitation  Climatology  over  India:  Validation  with  observations  and  reanalysis datasets and spatial trends, Kishore, P., Jyothi, S., G.Basha, S.V.B.Rao, M Rajeevan, Velicogna, I., and T.C. Sutterley, 2016, Climate Dynamics,  46, 541-556
33. A study on the role of land-atmosphere coupling on the south Asian monsoon climate variability using a regional climate model, C.K.Unnikrishnan, M. Rajeevan and S.VijayaBhaskara          Rao,   2015,Theoretical                                  and      Applied                     Climatology,         DOI:
34. Role of vertical structure of cloud microphysical properties on cloud radiative forcing over the Asian monsoon region, Ravi Kiran, M. Rajeevan, Gadhavi, H, S.V.B. Rao, A. Jayaraman, 2015, Climate Dynamics,  45, 3331-3345
35. An Indian Ocean precursor for Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall variability, Sreejith,
O.P., Swapna, P., Pai.D.S., and Rajeevan, M., 2015, Geophys. Res.Letters, 42(21),
36. Prediction of Indian rainfall during the summer monsoon season on the basis of links with equatorial Pacific and Indian Ocean Climate indices, Sajani, S., Gadgil, S., Francis, P.A., and   Rajeevan,   M.,   2015,   Environ   Res.   Letters,   10   (9),   DOI   10.1088/1748-
37. Unprecedented  hailstorms  over  north  peninsular  India  during  February–March  2014, Kulkarni, J. R., Morwal, S. B., Narkhedkar, S. G., Maheskumar, R. S., Padmakumari, B., Sunitha      Devi,   S.,                &Rajeevan,                        M,    2015,    Journal    of    Geophysical    Research: Atmospheres,120(7), 2899-2912.
38. Development and Evaluation of an Objective Criterion for the Real-Time Prediction of
Indian Summer Monsoon Onset in a Coupled Model Framework,  Susmitha Joseph, A. K. Sahai, S. Abhilash, R. Chattopadhyay, N. Borah, B. E. Mapes, M. Rajeevan, and A. Kumar, 2015: J. Climate, 28, 6234–6248. doi:  10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00842.1
39. Improved Spread–Error Relationship and Probabilistic Prediction from the CFS-Based Grand Ensemble Prediction System, S. Abhilash, A. K. Sahai, N. Borah, S. Joseph, R. Chattopadhyay, S. Sharmila, M. Rajeevan, B. E. Mapes, and A. Kumar, 2015: J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 54, 1569–1578, doi:  10.1175/JAMC-D-14-0200.1
40. Rethinking Indian monsoon rainfall prediction in the context of recent global warming, B.
Wang, B. Xiang, J.Li, P.J. Webster,  M. Rajeevan, J.Liu and K.J.Ha, 2015, Nature
Communications, 6:7154, DOI: 10.1038/NCOMMS8154
41. Precipitation climatology over India: validation with observations and reanalysis datasets and  spatial  trends,  P.  Kishore,  S.  Jyothi,  G.Basha,  Rao,  S.V.B.,  M.  Rajeevan,  I. Velicogna  and  T.C.  Sutterley,  2015,  Climate  Dynamics,  DOI:  10.1007/s00382-015-
29. Role of vertical structure of cloud microphysical properties on cloud radiative forcing over the Asian monsoon region, V. Ravi Kiran, M. Rajeevan, H.Gadhavi, S.V.B.Rao, and A. Jayaraman, 2015, Climate Dynamics, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-015-2542-0
42. Analysis of the daily rainfall events over India using a new long period (1901-2010) high resolution (0.25° × 0.25°) gridded rainfall data set, Pai, D.S., Sridhar, L., Badwaik, M.R., Rajeevan, M. (2014) Climate Dynamics,DOI: 10.1007/s00382-014-2307-1
43. High-resolution operational monsoon forecasts: an objective assessment, Sahai, A.K., Abhilash,  S.,  Chattopadhyay,  R.,  Borah,  N.,  Joseph,  S.,  Sharmila,  S.,  Rajeevan, M.,(2014) Climate Dynamics, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-014-2210-9
44. Examining   pathways   for   modulation   of  Indian   Summer   Monsoon   Rainfall   by extratropical                         tropospheric     temperature     pattern,     Srivastava,     A.K.,     Rajeevan, M.,Kshirsagar,                            S.R.,         (2014) International      Journal      of     Climatology,      DOI:
45. Gridded daily Indian monsoon rainfall for 14 seasons: Merged TRMM and IMD gauge analyzed values ,Mitra, A.K., Momin, I.M., Rajagopal, E.N., Basu, S., Rajeevan, M., Krishnamurti, T.N. (2013) Journal of Earth System Science, 122 (5), pp. 1173-1182.
46. Development of a high resolution land surface dataset for the South Asian monsoon region, C.K.Unnikrishnan, M Rajeevan, S.Vijayabhaskara Rao, Manoj Kumar, 2013, Current Science, 1235-1246.
47. On  the  epochal  variation  of  intensity  of  tropical  cyclones  in  the  Arabian  Sea,  M Rajeevan, J.Srinivasan, K.Niranjan Kumar, C.Gnanaseelan and M.M. Ali, 2013, Atmos.Sci.Letters, 14, 249-255.
48. On the observed variability of monsoon droughts over India, K Niranjan Kumar,  M Rajeevan, D.S.Pai, A.K.Srivastava and B. Preethi, 2013, Weather and Climate Extremes, 1, 42-50.
49. Enhancement of inland penetration of monsoon depressions in the Bay of Bengal due to prestorm ground wetness, Kishtawal, C.M., Niyogi, D., Rajagopalan, B., M.Rajeevan, Jaiswal, N., Mohanty, U.C., 2013, Water Resources Research 49 (6) , 3589-3600.
50. Large scale features and assessment of spatial scale correspondence between TMPA and IMD rainfall datasets over Indian landmass, Uma, R., Kumar, T.V.L., Narayanan, M.S., M. Rajeevan,  Bhate, J., Kumar, K.N. 2013, Journal of Earth System Science 122 (3) ,
51. On the detection of onset and activity of the Indian summer monsoon using GPS RO refractivity profiles, Jagannadha Rao, V.V.M., VenkatRatnam, M., DurgaSanthi, Y., Roja Raman, M.Rajeevan, VijayaBhaskara Rao, S. 2013, Monthly Weather Review 141 (6) ,
52. Diurnal variability of stability indices observed using radiosonde observations over a tropical station: Comparison with microwave radiometer measurements, Ratnam, M.V., Santhi, Y.D., M.Rajeevan,  Rao, S.V.B. 2013, Atmospheric Research 124 , 21-33
53. Identification and validation of homogeneous rainfall zones in India using correlation analysis, Saikranthi, K., Narayana Rao, T., M. Rajeevan,  VijayaBhaskara Rao, S., 2013, Journal of Hydrometeorology 14 (1) , 304-317
54. Nowcasting   severe   convective   activity   over   southeast   India   using   ground-based microwave radiometer observations, Madhulatha, A., M.Rajeevan,  VenkatRatnam, M., Bhate, J., Naidu, C.V., 2013, Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres 118 (1) , 1-13
43. Characteristic features of winter precipitation and its variability over northwest India, Yadav,  R.K.,  Rupa  Kumar,  K.,  M.Rajeevan,                              2012,  Journal  of  Earth  System Science,121 (3) , 611-623
55. Northeast monsoon over India: Variability and prediction, M.Rajeevan, Unnikrishnan, C.K., Bhate, J., Niranjan Kumar, K., Sreekala, P.P. 2012, Meteorological Applications
19 (2) , 226-236.
56. A study of vertical cloud structure of the Indian summer monsoon using CloudSat data,
2012, M. Rajeevan, P. Rohini, K. Niranjan Kumar, J.Srinivasan and C.K.Unnikrishnan,
Climate Dynamics, DOI 10.1007/s00382-012-1374-4.
57. Development of a perfect prognosis probabilistic model for prediction of lightning over southeast India, 2012, M. Rajeevan, A. Madhulatha, M. Rajasekhar, JyotiBhate, Amit Kesarkar and B.V.Appa Rao, J.EarthSyst Sci., 121, 355-371.
58. Evaluation  of  the  ENSEMBLES  multi-model  seasonal  forecasts  of  Indian  summer monsoon  variability,  2011,  M.  Rajeevan,  C.K.Unnikrishnan  and  B.Preethi,  Climate Dynamics, DOI 10.1007/s00382-011-1061-1
59. Role of intra-seasonal oscillations in modulating Indian summer monsoon rainfall, 2011, Ashwini Kulkarni, R. Kripalani, S.Sabade, and M. Rajeevan, Climate Dynamics, DOI
60. Northeast monsoon variability over south peninsular India and its teleconnections, 2011, P.P.Sreekala, S. VijayaBhaskara Rao and M Rajeevan, Theor.Appl.Climatology, DOI
61. Intriguing Aspects of the Monsoon Low-Level Jet over Peninsular India Revealed by High-Resolution                              GPS    Radiosonde    Observations,    2011,    M    Roja    Raman,    M Venkat Ratnam,                              M.Rajeevan,    V.V.M    Jagannadha    Rao    and    S.VijayaBhaskara Rao, J.Atmos.Sci, 68, 1414-1423.
62. Sub-daily   variations   observed   in   Tropical   Easterly   Jet   (TEJ)   streams,   2011,M.
VenkatRatnam, M.RojaRaman, SanjayKumarMehta, DebashisNath, B.V.Krishnamurthy, M. Rajeevan, S.VijayaBhaskaraRao, D.NarayanaRao, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics,73, 731–740
63. State of the Climate in 2010: South Asian Climate, 2011, M. Rajeevan, A.K.Srivastava, J.Revadekar,                          ZubairLareef,     Bull.     Amer.     Met     Society, 92,     S1–S236,     doi:
64. Active  and  Break  spells  of  the  Indian  summer  monsoon,  2010,  M.  Rajeevan, SulochanaGadgil and JyotiBhate, J.Earth System Science, 119, 229-247.
65. Sensitivity of WRF cloud microphysics to simulations of a severe thunderstorm event
over   southeast   India,   2010,   M   Rajeevan,   A   Kesarkar,   S.B.Thampi,   T.N.Rao, B.Radhakrishna and M.Rajasekhar, Ann.Geophys. 28, 603-619.
66. Study  of  Atmospheric  Forcing  and  Responses  (SAFAR)  campaign:  overview,  2010, Jayaraman A, Ratnam MV, Patra AK, T.Narayana Rao, S.Sridharan, M. Rajeevan, H.Gadhavi, A.Kesarkar, P.Srinivasulu, K.Raghunath, Ann. Geophys. 28, 89-101.
67. State of the Climate in 2009: South Asian Climate, M. Rajeevan, A.K.Srivastava, and J.Revadekar, 2010, Bull. Amer. Met Society, 91, July issue, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-91-7- State of the Climate
68. Analysis of variations of cloud and aerosol properties associated with active and break spells  of  Indian  summer  monsoon  using  MODIS  data,  2009,  Ravi  Kiran,  V.,  M. Rajeevan, S. VijayaBhaskara Rao and N Prabhakara Rao, Geo Phys.Letters, Vol 36, DOI 10.1029/2008GL037135
69. Summer monsoon onset over Kerala: New Definition and prediction, 2009, Pai, D.S. and
M. Rajeevan, S, J. Earth System. Science, Vol. 118, 123-135.
70. A high resolution daily gridded rainfall dataset (1971-2005) for mesoscale meteorological studies, 2009, M. Rajeevan. andJyotiBhate, Current Science, 96, 558-562.

71. State of the Climate in 2008: South Asian Climate, 2009, M Rajeevan, A.K.Srivastava, and J. Revadekar, Bull. Amer.Met. Society, 90, 8, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-90-8-State of the Climate
72. Increasing influence of ENSO and decreasing influence of AO/NAO in the recent decades over northwest India winter precipitation, 2009, Yadav, R. K., K. Rupa Kumar, and M. Rajeevan, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D12112, doi:10.1029/2008JD011318.
73. Daily Indian Precipitation Analysis from a Merge of Rain-Gauge Data with the TRMM TMPA Satellite-Derived Rainfall Estimates, 2009, Mitra, A.K., A.K.Bohra, M.Rajeevan, and T.N.Krishnamurti, J. of Met. Soc. of Japan, 87A, 265-279
74. Improving Global Model Precipitation Forecasts over India from Downscaling and FSU Superensemble Part I- 1-5 days forecasts, 2009, Krishnamurti, T.N., Mishra, A.K., Chakraborty, A., and M Rajeevan, Mon. Wea. Rev., 137, 2713- 2735.
75. Variability of extreme rainfall events over during the southwest monsoon season, 2009, Pattanaik. D.R., M Rajeevan, Meteorological Applications, DOI 10.1002/met.164.
76. Characteristics of the Tropical Easterly Jet: Long-term trends and their features during active and break monsoon  phases, 2009, Raman MR, Rao VVMJ, Ratnam MV,  M. Rajeevan,S.V.B.Rao, D.Narayana Rao, N. Prabhakara Rao, J.Geophys.Res., 114, D19105, doi:10.1029/2009JD012065
77. Development of a high resolution daily gridded temperature data set (1969-2005) for the Indian  region,  2009,  Srivastava,  A.K.,  M  Rajeevan,  S.R.Kshirsagar, Atmospheric Science Letters,  DOI 10.1002/asl.232.
78. Analysis of variability and trends of extreme rainfall events over India using 104 years of gridded daily rainfall data, 2008, M Rajeevan, JyotiBhate and A.K.Jaswal, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol.35, L18707, doi 10.1029/2008GL035143.
79. Inter-annual relationship between Atlantic Sea Surface Temperature anomalies and Indian summer  monsoon,  2008,  M.  Rajeevan  and  Latha  Sridhar,  Geophysical  Research Letters, doi 10.1029/2008GL036025.
80. Out of phase relationships between convection  over northwest  India and warm pool region during the winter season, 2008, R.K.Yadav, K.Rupa Kumar and M.Rajeevan, Int. J. Climatology, DOI 10.1002/joc.1783.
81. Climate Change scenarios for northwest India winter season, 2008, R.K.Yadav, K.Rupa
Kumar and M.Rajeevan, Quaternary International,   DOI 10.1016/quaint.
82. On the El Nino-Indian Monsoon predictive relationships, 2007, M. Rajeevan and D.S.Pai,
Geophys.Res.Letters, Vol.34, doi: 10.1029/2006GL028916.
83. Sensitivity of surface radiation budget to clouds over the Asian monsoon region, 2007, S.Balachandran and M.Rajeevan, J.Earth. System. Science, 116, 159-169.
84. Monsoon Variability: Links to major oscillations over the equatorial Pacific and Indian oceans,  2007,  SulochanaGadgil,  M.Rajeevan  and  P.A.Francis,  Current Science,  93,
85. Trends in the rainfall pattern over India, 2007, Guhathakurta, P, and M.Rajeevan, Int.
J.Climatology, DOI 10.1002/joc.
86. North-west Pacific tropical cyclone activity and July rainfall over India, D.R.Pattanaik and M.Rajeevan, 2006, Meteor and Atmos. Phys., DOI 10.1007/s00703-006-0193-0.
87. Empirical Prediction of Indian summer monsoon rainfall with different lead periods based on global SST anomalies, D.S.Pai and M.Rajeevan, 2006, Meteor and Atmos.Phys, 92,
88. New Statistical models for long-range forecasting of southwest monsoon rainfall over
India, M.Rajeevan, D.S.Pai, R.Anil Kumar and B.Lal, Climate Dynamics, 2006, DOI
89. High resolution daily gridded rainfall data for the Indian region: Analysis of break and active monsoon spells, M.Rajeevan, JyotiBhate, J.D.Kale and B.Lal, 2006,  Current Science, 91, 3, 296-306.
90. On the recent strengthening of the relationship between ENSO and northeast monsoon rainfall over South Asia, 2006, Pankaj Kumar, K.Rupa Kumar, M.Rajeevan, and A.K.Sahai, Climate Dynamics, DOI 10.1007/s00382—006-0210-0.
91. Did unusual warming over the mid and higher latitudes play some role in causing the unprecedented                           failure    of    the    southwest    monsoon    during    July    2002?,    2006, A.K.Srivastava, P.Guhatkaurta, M.Rajeevan, S.K.Dikshit and S.R.Kshirsagar, Met and Atmos. Physics, DOI 10.1007/s00703-006-0203-x.
92. Monsoon prediction – Why yet another failure?,SulochanaGadgil, M.Rajeevan and Ravi
Nanjundiah, 2005, Current Science, 88, 9, 1389, 1400.
93. Role of ITCZ over North Indian Ocean and Pre-Meiyu front in modulating July rainfall over India, Srivastava, A.K., M. Rajeevan and S.R. Shirsagar, 2004, J. Climate, 17,673-
94. IMD’s  New  Operational  Models  for  Long  Range  Forecast  of  South-west  Monsoon Rainfall over India and their verification for 2003, M. Rajeevan, D.S.Pai, S.K.Dikshit and R.R.Kelkar, 2004, Current Science, 86, 422-431.
95. Tropical  Pacific  Upper  Ocean  heat  content  variations  and  Indian  summer  monsoon rainfall,                M.Rajeevan    and   M.McPhaden,    2004,    Geophys.Res.Letters,    31,    DOI
96. Updated operational models for long-range forecasts of Indian summer monsoon rainfall, V. Thapliyal and M Rajeevan, 2003, Mausam, 54, 495-504.
97. Predictive  relationships  between  Indian  Ocean  sea  surface  temperatures  and  Indian
summer monsoon rainfall, M. Rajeevan, D.S.Pai and V. Thapliyal, 2002, Mausam, 53,
98. Teleconnection of SST and OLR anomalies over Atlantic Ocean with Indian summer monsoon, A.K.Srivastava, M. Rajeevan and Ruta Kulkarni, 2002, Geophys. Res. Letters., Vol.29, No.8.125-1, 125-4.
99. Winter Surface Pressure anomalies over Eurasia and Indian summer monsoon rainfall,
M.Rajeevan, 2002, Geophys.Res.Letters., Vol. 29, No.10, 94-1,94-4.
100. Interactions among Deep convection, Sea surface temperature and radiation in the Asian monsoon region, M. Rajeevan, 2001, Mausam, 52, 83-96.
101. Asymmetric thermodynamic structure of monsoon depression revealed in Microwave satellite data, M. Rajeevan, D.S.Pai and M.R.Das., Current Science, 2001, 81,448-450.
102. Prediction of Indian summer monsoon: Status, Problems and prospects, M. Rajeevan,
Current Science, 2001, 81,101-107.
103. Net Cloud Radiative Forcing at the top of the Atmosphere in the Asian monsoon region,
2000, M. Rajeevan and J.Srinivasan, J.Climate, 13, 650-657.
104. New Models for Long range forecasts of summer monsoon rainfall over NW India and Peninsular India, M. Rajeevan,P.Guhathakurta and V.Thapliyal, 2000, Met and Atmos. Phys.,73, 211-225.
105. Decadal variations of cloudiness, sea surface temperature and monsoon depressions in the north  Indian  Ocean,  M.  Rajeevan, U.S.De and  M.Rajeevan,2000,  Current  Science,
106. Cloud  Climatology  of  Indian  Ocean  based  on  Ship  Observations,  M.  Rajeevan, R.K.Prasad and U.S.De, 2000, Mausam, 52, 527-540.
107. Spatial and temporal relationships between global land surface air temperature anomalies and Indian                     summer monsoon, M.Rajeevan, D.S.Pai and V. Thapliyal, 1999, Met and Atm. Physics, 66,157-171.
108. Canonical Correlation Analysis (CCA) Models for long range forecasts of sub-divisional monsoon rainfall over India, M. Rajeevan, V.Thapliyal, S.R.Patil and U.S.De, 1999, Mausam, 50, 145-152.
109. Model calculations of non-cloud radiative forcing of sulphate aerosol, M. Rajeevan,
1998, Mausam, 49,45-58.
110. Aerosol-Cloud-Climate effect: Study with a radiative transfer model, M.Rajeevan, 1998,
Mausam, 49,195-202.
111.     Clouds and cloud radiative forcing over tropical Indian Ocean and their relationship with sea surface temperatures, D. S. Pai and M. Rajeevan, 1998, Current Science, 75, No.4, 372-381.
112.     Climate  Implications  of  the  observed  changes  in  vertical  distribution  of  ozone,
M. Rajeevan,1996,   Int. J. Climatology, 16, 15-22.
113.     Long range prediction of monsoon onset over Kerala, M. Rajeevan and D.P.Dubey,
1995, Mausam, 46, 287-290.
114.     Model  calculations  of  competing  climatic  effects  of  SO2   and  CO2   in  fossil  fuel combustion, M. Rajeevan, K.C.Sinha Ray and H. N.Srivastava, 1995, Current Science,
68, 1226-1231.
115.     Inter-relationship between NW Pacific typhoon activity and Indian summer monsoon on interannual and intra-seasonal time scales, M. Rajeevan, 1993, Mausam, 44, 109-
116.     Upper tropospheric circulation and thermal anomalies over central Asia associated with major droughts and floods in India, M. Rajeevan, 1993, Current Science, 64, 244-
117.     Upper air circulation and thermal anomalies over India and neighbourhood vis-a-vis
Indian summer monsoon activity, M.Rajeevan, 1991, Mausam, 42, 155-160.
118.     A preliminary study on the variability of post monsoon tropical cyclone activity over the north Indian ocean, M. Rajeevan and P.P. Butala, 1990, Mausam, 41, 409-414.